数据脱敏的 3 种常见方案
侧边栏壁纸
  • 累计撰写 42 篇文章
  • 累计收到 81 条评论
  • 今日撰写 0 篇文章

数据脱敏的 3 种常见方案
2022-12-15 / 1 评论 / 227 阅读 / 1 点赞

数据脱敏的 3 种常见方案

绎泽
2022-12-15 / 1 评论 / 227 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...
温馨提示:
本文最后更新于2022年12月16日,已超过433天没有更新,若内容或图片失效,请留言反馈。

1.SQL数据脱敏实现

MYSQL(电话号码,身份证)数据脱敏的实现

-- CONCAT()、LEFT()和RIGHT()字符串函数组合使用,请看下面具体实现

-- CONCAT(str1,str2,…):返回结果为连接参数产生的字符串
-- LEFT(str,len):返回从字符串str 开始的len 最左字符
-- RIGHT(str,len):从字符串str 开始,返回最右len 字符

-- 电话号码脱敏sql:

SELECT mobilePhone AS 脱敏前电话号码,CONCAT(LEFT(mobilePhone,3), '********' ) AS 脱敏后电话号码 FROM t_s_user

-- 身份证号码脱敏sql:

SELECT idcard AS 未脱敏身份证, CONCAT(LEFT(idcard,3), '****' ,RIGHT(idcard,4)) AS 脱敏后身份证号 FROM t_s_user

2.JAVA数据脱敏实现

可参考:海强 / sensitive-plus

数据脱敏插件,目前支持地址脱敏、银行卡号脱敏、中文姓名脱敏、固话脱敏、身份证号脱敏、手机号脱敏、密码脱敏 一个是正则脱敏、另外一个根据显示长度脱敏,默认是正则脱敏,可以根据自己的需要配置自己的规则。

3.mybatis-mate-sensitive-jackson

mybatisplus 的新作,可以测试使用,生产需要收费。

根据定义的策略类型,对数据进行脱敏,当然策略可以自定义。

# 目前已有
package mybatis.mate.strategy;

public interface SensitiveType {
    String chineseName = "chineseName";
    String idCard = "idCard";
    String phone = "phone";
    String mobile = "mobile";
    String address = "address";
    String email = "email";
    String bankCard = "bankCard";
    String password = "password";
    String carNumber = "carNumber";
}

Demo 代码目录
目录

Spring Boot 基础就不介绍了,推荐看这个免费教程:

1、pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <groupId>com.baomidou</groupId>
        <artifactId>mybatis-mate-examples</artifactId>
        <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <artifactId>mybatis-mate-sensitive-jackson</artifactId>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

</project>

2、appliation.yml

# DataSource Config
spring:
  datasource:
#    driver-class-name: org.h2.Driver
#    schema: classpath:db/schema-h2.sql
#    data: classpath:db/data-h2.sql
#    url: jdbc:h2:mem:test
#    username: root
#    password: test
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
    url: jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mybatis_mate?useSSL=false&useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&serverTimezone=UTC
    username: root
    password: 123456
# Mybatis Mate 配置
mybatis-mate:
  cert:
    # 请添加微信wx153666购买授权,不白嫖从我做起! 测试证书会失效,请勿正式环境使用
    grant: thisIsTestLicense
    license: as/bsBaSVrsA9FfjC/N77ruEt2/QZDrW+MHETNuEuZBra5mlaXZU+DE1ZvF8UjzlLCpH3TFVH3WPV+Ya7Ugiz1Rx4wSh/FK6Ug9lhos7rnsNaRB/+mR30aXqtlLt4dAmLAOCT56r9mikW+t1DDJY8TVhERWMjEipbqGO9oe1fqYCegCEX8tVCpToKr5J1g1V86mNsNnEGXujnLlEw9jBTrGxAyQroD7Ns1Dhwz1K4Y188mvmRQp9t7OYrpgsC7N9CXq1s1c2GtvfItHArkqHE4oDrhaPjpbMjFWLI5/XqZDtW3D+AVcH7pTcYZn6vzFfDZEmfDFV5fQlT3Rc+GENEg==

# Logger Config
logging:
  level:
    mybatis.mate: debug

3、Appliation启动类

package mybatis.mate.sensitive.jackson;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class SensitiveJacksonApplication {

    // 测试访问 http://localhost:8080/info ,http://localhost:8080/list
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SensitiveJacksonApplication.class, args);
    }
}

4、配置类,自定义脱敏策略

package mybatis.mate.sensitive.jackson.config;

import mybatis.mate.databind.ISensitiveStrategy;
import mybatis.mate.strategy.SensitiveStrategy;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
public class SensitiveStrategyConfig {

    /**
     * 注入脱敏策略
     */
    @Bean
    public ISensitiveStrategy sensitiveStrategy() {
        // 自定义 testStrategy 类型脱敏处理
        return new SensitiveStrategy().addStrategy("testStrategy", t -> t + "***test***");
    }
}

5、业务类

User,注解标识脱敏字段,及选用脱敏策略

package mybatis.mate.sensitive.jackson.entity;

import lombok.Getter;
import lombok.Setter;
import mybatis.mate.annotation.FieldSensitive;
import mybatis.mate.sensitive.jackson.config.SensitiveStrategyConfig;
import mybatis.mate.strategy.SensitiveType;

@Getter
@Setter
public class User {
    private Long id;
    /**
     * 这里是一个自定义的策略 {@link SensitiveStrategyConfig} 初始化注入
     */
    @FieldSensitive("testStrategy")
    private String username;
    /**
     * 默认支持策略 {@link SensitiveType }
     */
    @FieldSensitive(SensitiveType.mobile)
    private String mobile;
    @FieldSensitive(SensitiveType.email)
    private String email;

}

UserController

package mybatis.mate.sensitive.jackson.controller;

import mybatis.mate.databind.ISensitiveStrategy;
import mybatis.mate.databind.RequestDataTransfer;
import mybatis.mate.sensitive.jackson.entity.User;
import mybatis.mate.sensitive.jackson.mapper.UserMapper;
import mybatis.mate.strategy.SensitiveType;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

@RestController
public class UserController {
    @Autowired
    private UserMapper userMapper;
    @Autowired
    private ISensitiveStrategy sensitiveStrategy;

    // 测试访问 http://localhost:8080/info
    @GetMapping("/info")
    public User info() {
        return userMapper.selectById(1L);
    }

    // 测试返回 map 访问 http://localhost:8080/map
    @GetMapping("/map")
    public Map<String, Object> map() {
        // 测试嵌套对象脱敏
        Map<String, Object> userMap = new HashMap<>();
        userMap.put("user", userMapper.selectById(1L));
        userMap.put("test", 123);
        userMap.put("userMap", new HashMap<String, Object>() {{
            put("user2", userMapper.selectById(2L));
            put("test2", "hi china");
        }});
        // 手动调用策略脱敏
        userMap.put("mobile", sensitiveStrategy.getStrategyFunctionMap()
                .get(SensitiveType.mobile).apply("15315388888"));
        return userMap;
    }

    // 测试访问 http://localhost:8080/list
    // 不脱敏 http://localhost:8080/list?skip=1
    @GetMapping("/list")
    public List<User> list(HttpServletRequest request) {
        if ("1".equals(request.getParameter("skip"))) {
            // 跳过脱密处理
            RequestDataTransfer.skipSensitive();
        }
        return userMapper.selectList(null);
    }
}

UserMapper

package mybatis.mate.sensitive.jackson.mapper;

import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.mapper.BaseMapper;
import mybatis.mate.sensitive.jackson.entity.User;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;

@Mapper
public interface UserMapper extends BaseMapper<User> {

}

6、测试

GET http://localhost:8080/list

[
  {
    "id": 1,
    "username": "Jone***test***",
    "mobile": "153******81",
    "email": "t****@baomidou.com"
  },
  {
    "id": 2,
    "username": "Jack***test***",
    "mobile": "153******82",
    "email": "t****@baomidou.com"
  },
  {
    "id": 3,
    "username": "Tom***test***",
    "mobile": "153******83",
    "email": "t****@baomidou.com"
  }
]

GET http://localhost:8080/list?skip=1

[
  {
    "id": 1,
    "username": "Jone",
    "mobile": "15315388881",
    "email": "test1@baomidou.com"
  },
  {
    "id": 2,
    "username": "Jack",
    "mobile": "15315388882",
    "email": "test2@baomidou.com"
  },
  {
    "id": 3,
    "username": "Tom",
    "mobile": "15315388883",
    "email": "test3@baomidou.com"
  }
]

本文共 428 个字数,平均阅读时长 ≈ 2分钟
广告
1

海报

正在生成.....

评论 (1)

取消
  1. 头像
    Sirit
    ·Windows 7 · Google Chrome
    沙发

    不明觉厉

    回复 删除 垃圾

Warning: file_get_contents(): SSL operation failed with code 1. OpenSSL Error messages: error:14090086:SSL routines:ssl3_get_server_certificate:certificate verify failed in /www/wwwroot/blog/usr/themes/Joe-master/public/footer.php on line 25

Warning: file_get_contents(): Failed to enable crypto in /www/wwwroot/blog/usr/themes/Joe-master/public/footer.php on line 25

Warning: file_get_contents(https://api.vore.top/api/IPdata?ip=23.224.95.161): failed to open stream: operation failed in /www/wwwroot/blog/usr/themes/Joe-master/public/footer.php on line 25